Wednesday, October 12, 2011

Computer History Part 2

Hello Friends,
I hope you enjoyed the evolution of computers and development of some of the most amazing hardware systems and software.
Now continuing on the same lines. Here is some more history in the world of computers of what happened from 1951 to 1989.

1951 The first commercial computer, the "First Ferranti MARK I" is now functional at Manchester University.

1952 Alexander Sandy Douglas created the first graphical computer game of Tic-Tac-Toe on a EDSAC known as "OXO".

1953 IBM introduces the first IBM computer, the 701.

1953 A magnetic memory smaller and faster than existing vacuum tube memories is built at MIT.

1953 The IBM 701 becomes available to the scientific community. A total of 19 are produced and sold.

1954 IBM produces and markets the IBM 650. More than 1,800 of these computers are sold in an eight-year span

1954 The first version of FORTRAN (formula translator) is published by IBM.

1955 William (Bill) H. Gates is born October 28, 1955.

1955 Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer. Transistors are faster, smaller and create less heat than traditional vacuum tubs, making these computers more reliable and efficient.

1956 On September 13, 1956 the IBMs 305 RAMAC is the first computer to be shipped with a hard disk drive that contained 50 24-inch platters and was capable of storing 5MB of data.

1960 The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.

1962 Steve Russell creates "SpaceWar!" and releases it in February 1962. This game is considered the first game intended for computers.

1963 IEEE is founded.

1963 The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers.

1964 Dartmouth Universitys John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC).

1965 Lawrence G. Roberts with MIT performs the first long distant dial-up connection between a TX-2 computer n Massachusetts and a Q-32 in California.

1967 GPS becomes available for commercial use.

1968 Intel Corporation is founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore.

1969 AT&T Bell Laboratories develop Unix.

1969 AMD is founded.

1970 U.S. Department of Defense develops ada a computer programming language capable of designing missile guidance systems.

1970 Intel introduces the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.

1970 Centronics introduces the first dot matrix printer.

1971 The first 8" floppy diskette drive was introduced

1971 FTP is first purposed.

1971 Niklaus Wirth invents the Pascal programming language.

1972 Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs invents the C programming language.

1972 The compact disc is invented in the United States.

1973 The first VoIP call is made.

1974 IBM develops SEQUEL, which today is known as SQL today.

1975 MITS ships one of the first PCs, the Altair 8800 with one kilobyte (KB) of memory. The computer is ordered as a mail-order kit for $397.00.

1975 Paul Allen and Bill Gates write the first computer language program for personal computers, which is a form of BASIC designed for the Altair. Gates later drops out of Harvard and founds Microsoft with Allen.

1976 Steve Wozniak designs the first Apple, the Apple I computer in 1976, later Wozniak and Steve Jobs co-found Apple Computers.

1976 The first 5.25-inch floppy disk is invented.

1976 Microsoft introduces an improved version of BASIC.

1977 Apple Computers Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics is demonstrated.

1978 TCP splits into TCP/IP driven by Danny Cohen, David Reed, and John Shoch to support real-time traffic. This allows the creation of UDP.

1979 Oracle introduces the first commercial version of SQL.

1979 The programming language DoD-1 is officially changed to Ada.

1979 The Motorola 68000 is released and is later chosen as the processor for the Apple Macintosh.

1979 Oracle is founded.

1980 IBM hires Microsoft to develop versions of BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, and Pascal for the PC being developed by IBM.

1980 Microsoft licenses Unix and starts to develop a PC version, XENIX.

1981 MS-DOS 1.0 was released August, 1981.

1981 VHDL is proposed and begins development.

1981 Adam Osborne introduces the Osborne I, the first successful portable computer, which weighs 25 pounds.

1981 Commodore ships the VIC-20, which later becomes the worlds most popular computer costing only $299.95.

1981 Logitech is founded in Apples, Switzerland.

1982 WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program that will become one of the computer markets most popular word processing program.

1982 Sun is incorporated in February 1982, with four employees.

1982 Lotus Development Corporation is founded and Lotus 1-2-3, a spreadsheet program is introduced.

1982 Compaq Computer Corp. is founded by Rod Canion and other Texas Instruments Incorporated engineers. Compaq is the first company to introduce a clone of the IBM PC (the Compaq Portable in 1983) and become IBMs biggest challenger in the corporate market.

1982 Apple Computer is the first personal computer manufacturer to hit the $1 billion mark for annual sales.

1983 THX is established.

1983 Microsoft Windows was announced November, 1983

1984 The 3.5-inch floppy diskette is introduced and later becomes an industry standard.

1984 Dell Computer is founded May 3, 1984 in Austin Texas.

1984 The now famous Apple commercial is shown during the Super Bowl, the commercial introduces the Apple Macintosh, a computer with graphical user interface instead of needing to type in commands. In six months sales of the computer reach 100,000.

1984 Microsoft introduces MS-DOS 3.0 for the IBM PC AT and MS-DOS 3.1 for networks.

1985 Microsoft Windows 1.0 is introduced in November, 1985 and is initially sold for $100.00.

1986 Pixar is co-founded by Steve Jobs.

1986 The AT or 101 key keyboard is introduced by IBM.

1987 Microsoft introduces Microsoft Works.

1987 The SPARC processor is introduced by Sun.

1987 IBM introduces VGA.

1989 The networking routing protocol OSPF is introduced.

I hope you had a good time reading. Please post your comments and views. It will help me do better in future.

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